Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy that was developed to treat individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder by Dr. Marsha Linehan at the University of Washington. The main goal of DBT is to teach the individual skills to cope with stress, regulate emotions and improve relationships with others. DBT skill training uses the modules of Understanding Dialectics and the Middle Path; Mindfulness; Emotion Regulation, Distress Tolerance, and Interpersonal Effectiveness. The underlying principles of DBT are using acceptance and change strategies.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a problem focused and goal directed therapy. CBT therapists teach patients to recognize irrational cognitions or thoughts and then change those thoughts by using adaptive coping mechanisms including distraction, imagery, and positive self-talk. In CBT, patients are assigned homework such as self-monitoring forms, which identify triggers, thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and consequences. CBT has been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of depression, anxiety, eating, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an extensively researched and highly effective psychotherapy method proven to help people recover from trauma and other distressing life experiences, including PTSD, anxiety, depression, and panic disorders.
EMDR therapy does not require talking in detail about the distressing issue or completing homework between sessions. EMDR therapy, rather than focusing on changing the emotions, thoughts, or behaviors resulting from the distressing issue, allows the brain to resume its natural healing process.
EMDR therapy is designed to resolve unprocessed traumatic memories in the brain. For many clients, EMDR therapy can be completed in fewer sessions than other psychotherapies.
While many times traumatic experiences can be managed and resolved spontaneously, many may not be processed without help. Stress responses are part of our natural fight, flight, or freeze instincts. When distress from a disturbing event remains, the upsetting images, thoughts, and emotions may create feelings of overwhelm, of being back in that moment, or of being “frozen in time.” EMDR therapy helps the brain process these memories, and allows normal healing to resume. The experience is still remembered, but the fight, flight, or freeze response from the original event is resolved.
Numerous national and international organizations recognize EMDR therapy as an effective treatment. Among them, the American Psychiatric Association, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the World Health Organization as well as many others.